Monthly Archives: June 2017

The World’s Largest Car Company

The automobile (automotive companies) sector has mushroomed over the years into a mature and well established industry. Innovation and manufacturing of vehicles has helped the industry to grow into a profitable one. Automobile companies have contributed significantly to the development of the world’s economy by creating jobs paying lots of taxes and earning loads of foreign exchange. There are several automobile manufacturing companies in the world that produces vehicles in a large quantity.

Here we have listed the top 10 largest automobile manufacturing companies in the world.

1) Tata Motors:
Tata Motors is the Asia’s largest and 17th largest automobile manufacturing company in the world. This company is known for its production of cars, trucks, vans, coaches and so on. Tata Motors record the highest sales and is widely popular across the country in 2017.

This company is passionate about anticipating and providing the best commercial and passenger vehicles globally as well as the best customer experiences.

Tata Motors can be found on and off-road in over 175 countries around the globe. Cars, buses and trucks of Tata Motors roll out at 20 locations across the world, seven in India and the rest in the UK, South Korea, Thailand, South Africa and Indonesia.

2) Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd:
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd is a US $19 billion global federation of companies. This company is the world’s largest tractor manufacturing company and also India’s second largest vehicle manufacturing company. Mahindra & Mahindra is India’s top SUV manufacturing company that produce two wheelers, bus, pickup, tempo, trucks, and commercial vehicles.

This company commits to invest in technology and grow global presence. Mahindra & Mahindra aims to multiply output both in quantity and quality with a major focus on manufacturing excellence. This company has created several industry-leading and category-defining brands.

3) Maruti Suzuki:
Maruti Suzuki had brought a big revolution in the automobile industry. This is one of the old companies that expertise in the field of production of cars. This company has manufactured cars such as Alto, Omni, Estilo and so on. The total annual production capacity of this company is about 14, 50,000 units.

Maruti Suzuki works with a mission to provide a car for every individual, family, need, budget and Way of Life. For this, it offers 15 brands and over 150 variants ranging from Alto 800 to the Life Utility Vehicle Maruti Suzuki Ertiga.

4) Hero MotoCorp Ltd:
Hero MotoCorp Ltd is one of the best companies in India. Hero MotoCorp Ltd. (Formerly Hero Honda Motors Ltd.) is the world’s largest manufacturer of two – wheelers, based in India.

This company achieved the coveted position of being the largest two-wheeler manufacturing company in India in 2001 and the ‘World No.1’ two-wheeler company in terms of unit volume sales in a calendar year. Hero MotoCorp two wheelers are manufactured across 4 globally benchmarked manufacturing facilities.

5) Bajaj Auto Limited:
Bajaj Auto Limited is one of the leading business houses and the company’s flagship company, Bajaj Auto, is ranked as the world’s fourth largest three and two wheeler manufacturer.

The Bajaj brand is well-known across several countries in Latin America, Africa, Middle East, South and South East Asia. Their flagship company produces Chetak scooters which were the top seller in the Indian market. The company even made the bikes like pulsar and now they are still working on it.

6) Toyota Motor Corporation:
Toyota Motor Corporation is one of the top most automobile manufacturing companies in the world. This company designs, manufacturers and markets various automobile product ranges from SUVs, minivans, luxury & sport utility vehicles, trucks and buses among others.

Toyota Motor Corporation has other vehicle manufacturing subsidiaries which include Daihatsu Motor for the production of mini-vehicles and Hino Motors for the production of buses and trucks. Toyota car engines are fixed with either combustion or lately the hybrid engines such as the one in the Prius.

7) Chevrolet:
Chevrolet is an American division of the General Motors. The company has an array of trucks, automobiles and commercial vehicles as the products it offers with its services including oil changing, vehicle insurance, vehicle financing, vehicle sales and vehicle repairs. Chevrolet has the reputation of being a car of all the purses and all the purposes. Its wide range of vehicles includes subcompact automobiles and medium duty commercial trucks among others.

8) MITSUBISHI MOTORS CORPORATION:
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation develops design, and manufacture, sale and purchase automobiles and component parts, replacement parts. This company manufactures component parts, replacement parts and accessories of said used automobiles.

Mitsubishi helps to bring higher productivity and quality to the factory floor. In addition, extensive service networks around the globe provide direct communication and comprehensive support to customers.

9) Honda Motor Co Ltd. Company:
Honda Motor Co Ltd. Company is a world leading automaker and the largest motorcycle producer in the world. Its motorcycle lines feature everything from super bikes to scooters, with the company also being dedicated to the production of personal watercrafts and ATVs.

The models of this company include seven luxury vehicle models as well as SUVs and others. Within its lines are also Honda Power products and machinery such as snow blowers, tillers, lawn mowers, outboard motors and portable generators. Engine quality, durability and economic fuel consumption are the main reasons why customers prefer Honda machines.

10) Ford Motor Company:
Ford Motor Company is one of the leading automobile manufacturers in the world that ranks high among the top automobile companies. Some of its most staple brands include Lincoln, Taurus, Focus, Mustang, and Fiesta etc.

The company’s automobiles are characterized with luxury under the Lincoln Marque brand, with other brands being good for sports and off-road performances. In the past, Ford manufactured some of the best, trucks, buses and tractors.

Vehicles without using Innovative Drivers

In today’s world everything turning to be automated and this is considered to be the competitive edge for the product or the process. Most importantly systems are giving space to make them automated. Since the artificial intelligence has come up and doing miracles in different industry sectors at commercial and individual level, the expectations of the industry and market raised and the demand is been realized by the manufacturers. The artificial intelligence in the automotives has set the expectations more high for driverless cars.
In automotives the trend is bringing up many changes, innovations and autonomous driving cars are no more science fictions. The recent result is Google’s Driverless Car that stood as a revolution in the field. However, driverless or autonomous cars footage is since 1939, when GM’s sponsored Norman Bel Geddes’s Futurama was showcased at the 1939 World’s Fair. This was followed by Mercedes-Benz robotic van and DARPA-funded Autonomous Land Vehicle in the year 1980, twin robot vehicles VaMP and Vita-2 of Daimler-Benz and Ernst Dickmanns of UniBwM during 1994 and in the year 1995, Dickmanns re-engineered autonomous S-Class Mercedes-Benz. Meanwhile, Carnegie Mellon University Navlab and University of Parma also came up with the projects which achieved 98.2% and 94% of the time the car was in fully automatic mode.

US Government has funded for military efforts that are known as Demo I & Demo III for US Army and Demo II for DARPA. In the 2001, Demo III proved the ability of unmanned ground vehicles to navigate miles of difficult off-road terrain. An intercontinental trip, which was the longest autonomous vehicle trip of four driverless electric vans for 13,000 km from Italy to China took place and reached the Shanghai Expo on 28 October, 2010. All these milestones show the significance that autonomous or driverless cars have in the market, irrespective of commercial, security, defense or personal end purposes.

Motivation For These Trends

Current average vehicle is having more advanced computer work implanted compared to the Apollo 11 landed on moon in 1969. So, the average vehicles are employed with sensors to do automatic Parallel Park, warn drivers if another car is in the driver’s blind spot, distance control assist to automatically slowdown a vehicle when an object is close ahead, and lane departure technology that redirects a car if it begins to veer out of its lane and so on.

Recently released project, Google Driverless Car is equipped with an array of sensors on the car that monitors the surroundings, the road and traffic conditions at 20 times a second, rigid safety systems along with cameras, radar and laser sensors, enabling them to monitor the lead vehicle and other vehicles on the road. While the information is assessed by the computer intelligence to decide whether the car should speed up, slow down or change lanes. Another advantage of this car is that the computer doesn’t get distracted by incoming phone calls or roadside advertisements like humans. This vehicle is based on the Toyota Prius that can’t break the speed limit without their extra involvement, for instance. Mr. Bruce Breslow, Director – Nevada’s Department of Motor Vehicles, approved license for this car in May, 2012 and said that “I sat in the back seat first, looking at the laptop that shows what the vehicle is seeing. My apprehension disappeared after about five seconds. Once I felt confident that the car could see better than I could, they allowed me to get behind the wheel.”

The Core Advantages Of The Google Driverless Car Are

  • »Right configuration and sensors on this car makes it automatically calculate the optimal distance to begin slowing down before a stop sign or turn and also be able to carefully modulate speed and acceleration rates to optimize use of the engine in use and ultimately results less fuel consumption.
  • »360 degree cameras monitoring reduces the traffic jams because merging, stopping, and turning would become much more precise.
  • »Lower auto insurance rates for the statistics the self-driving car has proved as a safety feature during long trips.
  • »Optimized routing have access to databases of information on speed limits for each road, and potentially at some point on the timing of each traffic light and this gives options to the car to reach the passenger to a destination with a minimum of stops and slow-ups.
  • »Less maintenance is the result of driving the car respectably that last longer and require fewer repairs.

BMW’s Track Trainer With A Modified 3 Series Built On The Standard Production Of The 330i Model Was Also Tested. The Car Used

  • »a built-in GPS
  • »a signal booster.
  • »accompanying repeater for increasing bandwidth and accuracy down to the centimeter.
  • »a custom map of the track.

In the next iteration BMW 5 Series was showcased with ConnectedDrive Connect (CDC) system that allows the driver to keep hands off the wheel of the 5 Series while speeding down on the Autobahn. So, with the CDC system, the car can brake, accelerate and pass other vehicles while analyzing the traffic conditions by using radar, cameras, laser scanners, and ultrasound distance sensors to get the information it needs.

Technology Company Intel, car manufacturers BMW, Ford, Toyota and General Motors are on the mission looking for ways to improve the driverless motor car they already developed and these efforts increasingly adding some more automation in their new R&D labs. These manufactures have already made huge advances in the past decade and much of achievements are already applied in commercial vehicles. While, a convoy of self driving cars for the first time in the world are experimented by Volvo Car Corporation on a public motorway in Spain at normal traffic. This Volvo project is named as SARTRE (Safe Road Trains for the Environment) that has many other research partners.

The race to roll out autonomous or driverless cars took faster pace in the recent times with Google’s Diverless car that gained license from Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles and the three Volvo saloons cruised the highways of Spain. Business plans are framed on the concept and manufacturers are looking for reliable suppliers. So, this driverless car has opened the horizon of business opportunities and technical challenges to other industry sectors too, like camera manufacturers, sensor manufacturers, safety systems manufacturers, custom computers, software’s and others.

Helping Your Car Keep Cool In Warmer Weather

Here’s how you can help you car keep cool in the warmer wheather this summer.
Whether it’s a vacation road trip or your daily commute to work, when the temperatures climb higher on the outside, things are also heating up under the hood of your car.

Fortunately, there are several preventative steps you can take to keep your engine running cool. Here are some tips that can help to keep you on the road to safety and convenience.

Check Your Battery
If you have an older vehicle or you’ve had your battery for more than three years, you should have it tested. While it is common to hear of car battery failure during the cold winter months, heat is just as hard on your battery. Warmer temperatures can evaporate battery fluid, causing damage to internal plates and speeding up corrosion.• Top Off Or Change Fluids
Engine fluids are a key component in keeping your car running during the summer months. When fluid levels are low, the cooling effect is decreased and could result in overheating. Check your vehicle fluids including motor oil, transmission fluid, power steering fluid and brake fluid. Refer to your owner’s manual for recommended fluid type.

Check Engine Belts And Hoses For Cracks And Wear
Look for leaks and feel to determine if the hoses are firm and pliable. Pay special attention to places where hoses are connected and clamped. Do not attempt to touch any hoses or belts after you have been driving your vehicle, as they will be hot and could cause burns and serious injury.

Cool Your Engine
Your engine works extra hard during the summer and relies on the cooling system to protect it from overheating. To keep your cooling system in good working condition, you should flush your system and replace the coolant as recommended by the manufacturer. Engine coolant can become contaminated and its protective additives can lose their effectiveness.

You can also try using a radiator coolant additive, such as Purple Ice by premium synthetic lubricant manufacturer Royal Purple. Purple Ice is designed to improve your engine’s performance, help prevent overheating and keep the system clean. Plus, it’s compatible to use with antifreeze or straight water.

 

Hybrid Technology

Normally a “Hybrid” is an offspring of two dissimilar plants or animals, but one must wonder how “Hybrid” is related to Automotive Technology. The US Dept. of Energy defines a hybrid as a type of electric vehicle (HEV) which combines two or more energy conversion technologies (e.g., heat engines, fuel cells, generators, or motors) with one or more energy storage technologies (e.g., fuel, batteries, ultra capacitors, or flywheels).

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are somewhat as same as today’s day to day automobile; it is different only in one sense that it has two “engines” (sources of power). Today some  companies are using gasoline or diesel internal combustion “heat” engines (or ICEs), a few  are using electricity-generating micro turbines, and a few are using fuel cells.

In today’s gasoline-only vehicles, the ICE is “sized” to the vehicle for peak load demands like accelerating, hill climbing etc. While “pure” battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are considered pollution free, they unfortunately lack extended range, quick recharge, and a charging infrastructure… plus the batteries are heavy. To overcome these obstacles, the lighter, cleaner, more fuel efficient hybrid-electric vehicle provides an alternative: the HEV uses an electric motor to serve as a supplemental power source for peak-load conditions.

Generally, most production hybrid-electric cars use a relatively small (~1 liter) gasoline or diesel ICE in concert with batteries and electric traction motor(s). Some of the HEV gasoline and diesel engines use direct fuel injection (into the combustion chamber). Diesel-electric hybrid transit busses are now using relatively small engines for lower emissions, and one bus configuration instead uses a pair of propane-powered micro-turbines to generate the needed power.

There are two basic HEV configurations:

The series-hybrid system which uses a small fuel-burning engine to drive a generator for electricity, which is inturn sent to one or more electric motors which drive the wheels.

The second is parallel-hybrid system in this there are two power paths. Either, the fuel burning (heat) engine, the electric propulsion system, or both, power the wheels.

Thus, with the hybrid electric vehicles (HEV s), the heat engine can be downsized and run at peak efficiency (peak-torque RPM) to propel the vehicle and to run the battery-charging generator. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) help in cutting fuel consumption and emissions, while minimizing the range and weight issues. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) also help in reducing CO2 [global warming].

One such company which manufactures and designs Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) named the Protean Drive(TM), a fully integrated, in-wheel motor, direct-drive solution is Protean Electric. Protean Electric’s patented in-wheel motor design with distributed architecture revolutionizes the integration of electric propulsion and propulsion assist for mass production vehicles.

To speak about Protean Drive™ is the most advanced in-wheel electric drive system for hybrid, plug-in hybrid and battery electric light duty vehicles, developed by Protean Electric. The wheel motors can significantly improve fuel economy, depending on the vehicle and driving mode.

In addition, this unique and patented direct-drive design has the highest torque and power density of any electric propulsion system and incorporates the motor control electronics and regenerative braking inside each motor assembly. Each Protean Drive in-wheel motor can deliver 110 hp (81kW) and 590 lb.-ft. (800Nm), yet weighs only 31kg (68lbs) and is sized to fit within the space of a conventional 18-inch road wheel. The simplicity of the design creates more power density per motor and much simpler vehicle integration.

These motor wheels are powerful enough to be the only source of traction drive for a variety of battery electric vehicles, and can also be added to a FWD or RWD car or truck with an internal combustion engine drive train, creating a hybrid configuration. In hybrid applications, the technology is designed to be “driver selectable,” which means the driver has choice to decide between three operating modes: all electric (city/stop-and-go traffic or low-emissions zones), hybrid (combined constant and slow speeds) or all gas/diesel (constant speeds). This helps in providing fully independent torque control, making vehicles safer.

Some of the Benefits of Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs):

  • »Provides the power and torque required for electrification of full size sedans and SUVs without compromising performance.
  • » Enables full regenerative braking in normal driving, recapturing large amounts of kinetic energy, which reduces well-to-wheel CO2 emissions for large vehicles to less than those from small city cars and can increase electric range by as much as 50 percent.
  • » Offers a unique, highly integrated and modular motor/inverter technology with very high power and torque density, which eliminates the need for a separate large power electronics module.
  • » Packaged in-wheel, which saves large amount of space in the vehicle for passengers, load-space and batteries, and eliminates the need for transmissions, drive shafts and differentials.
  • » Enables advanced vehicle dynamics through independent “torque vectoring” torque control of each wheel.
  • » Designed for high volume, low cost automated mass production.
  • » Supplied with reference control system software for a centralized electronic control unit (ECU), which provides all essential electric vehicle control functionality and braking control

Other companies manufacturing and designing Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are Toyota and Honda. Some of the HEV s from Toyota and Honda are –

Toyota Prius HEV.Toyota’s 4 cyl. “Generation 1” hybrid seats 5 and gets around 50 mpg.
Toyota Prius Underhood
Honda Insight HEV. Honda’s 3 cyl. Seats 2 and gets around 70 mpg>
Honda Insight Underhood.

An American Methanol Institute report predicts that by 2020, seven to 20% of all new cars sold will be powered by fuel cells. There will be a time when various engines and power sources will exist simultaneously.

For now, those who service and repair today’s vehicles will have plenty of work to do. And for those trained and equipped for hybrid vehicle service and repair, hybrids have two power sources to work on.

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Advanced Automotive Technology, GM, Ford, Chrysler and the National Renewable Energy Lab are all working together under the President’s PNGV initiative (Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles) to produce a variety of automobiles featuring all the comfort and performance of today’s passenger cars, yet achieving 80 miles per gallon.